Tuesday, November 27, 2012

how to wqrite a news story

Here's something very few people realise: Writing news stories isn't particularly difficult. It does take practice and not everyone will be an expert but if you follow the guidelines below you should be able to create effective news items without too much stress.

The Five "W"s and the "H"

This is the crux of all news - you need to know five things:
Who?   What?   Where?   When?   Why?   How?
Any good news story provides answers to each of these questions. You must drill these into your brain and they must become second nature.
For example, if you wish to cover a story about a local sports team entering a competition you will need to answer these questions:
  • Who is the team? Who is the coach? Who are the prominent players? Who are the supporters?
  • What sport do they play? What is the competition?
  • Where is the competition? Where is the team normally based?
  • When is the competition? How long have they been preparing? Are there any other important time factors?
  • Why are they entering this particular competition? If it's relevant, why does the team exist at all?
  • How are they going to enter the competition? Do they need to fundraise? How much training and preparation is required? What will they need to do to win?

The Inverted Pyramid

This refers to the style of journalism which places the most important facts at the beginning and works "down" from there. Ideally, the first paragraph should contain enough information to give the reader a good overview of the entire story. The rest of the article explains and expands on the beginning.
A good approach is to assume that the story might be cut off at any point due to space limitations. Does the story work if the editor only decides to include the first two paragraphs? If not, re-arrange it so that it does.
The same principle can apply to any type of medium.

Keys to a Successful Interview

Keys to a Successful Interview  

Establish a Rapport – When starting out, don’t abruptly lanch into your questions. Chitchat a little with your source. Compliment them on their office, or comment on the weather. This puts your source at ease.

Keep it Natural – An interview can be an uncomfortable experience, so keep things natural and conversational. Instead of mechanically reading out your list of questions, weave your queries naturally into the flow of the conversation.
Also, maintain eye contact as much as possible. Nothing is more unnerving to a source then a reporter who never looks up from their notebook.
Be Open – Don’t be so focused on getting through your list of questions that you miss something interesting.
For instance, if you’re interviewing the cardiologist and she mentions a new heart-health study that’s coming out, ask her about it. This may take your interview in an unexpected direction – but if it leads to something interesting, so what?
Maintain Control – Be open, yes, but don’t waste your time. If your source starts to ramble on about things that are clearly of no use to you, don’t be afraid to gently – but firmly – steer the conversation back to the topic at hand.
Wrapping Up – At the end of the interview, ask your source if there’s anything they want to discuss that you hadn’t asked about. Double-check the meanings of any terms or words they used that you’re unsure about. And always ask if there are other people they recommend that you speak with.
A Note About Note-taking – Beginning reporters often freak out when they realize they can’t possibly write down everything the source is saying, word-for-word. Don’t sweat it. Experienced reporters learn to take down just the interesting stuff they know they’ll use, and ignore the stuff they won’t. This takes some practice, but the more interviews you do, the easier it gets.
Taping – Recording an interview is fine, and generally it's best to get the permission of the person you're recording. Taping can be helpful if you’re doing a long interview that you’ll have time to listen to and type out later.
But the rules regarding taping a source can be tricky. According to Poynter.org, recording phone conversations is legal in all 50 states. And federal law allows you to record a phone conversation with the consent of only one person involved in the conversation - meaning that only the reporter is required to know that the conversation is being taped.

Debut run failures as firm ring favrites of Indian Race Horses

 Debut  run failures of  Indian Race Horses
Oasis star
Northern star
An aquired taste;
v shinde; Byramji
courage in red
d byramjis first run
grand entry VS good word;