Wednesday, May 08, 2013

ooty india

Ooty also known as Udhagamandalam is the "Queen of hill stations" and the capital of Nilgiris district. It is one of the most popular tourist resorts in India. Nilgiris means "Blue Mountains". It is a land of picturesque picnic spots. Used to be popular summer and weekend getaway for the Britishers during the colonial days. An added attraction for the tourists to Udagamandalam is the mountain train journey on a ratchet and pinion track which commences from Kallar, near Mettupalayam and wends its way through many hair-raising curves and fearful tunnels and chugs along beside deep ravines full of verdant vegetation, gurgling streams and tea gardens.

cochin

Cochin - Ernakulam (kochi) ..A city tucked in the beauty of coconut palms and endless blue waters is one of the important towns in South India, with a natural harbour. It is the commercial hub of Kerala. Kochi is a dynamic city with soaring land prices and rapidly industrialising suburbs.A trading port since Roman times, it lies on the main trade route between Europe and China.

The town has three main parts- Fort Cochin, Willington Island and Ernakulam. Fort Cochin (Fort Kochi) occupies the South promontory on the sea ward side of the Bay. In 1920, Willington Island was created by dredging the bay to increase the depth of the entrance to the harbour. Across the causeway from Willington Island is Ernakulam. The Bolghatty Island, a long narrow peninsula, is situated at the opposite side of Ernakulam jetty. The Vypeen island is another peninsula situated beyond the Bolghatty island.

Kochi can be regarded as the commercial and industrial capital of Kerala. Kochi earned a significant position on the world trading routes after the world famous port at Kodugallur . Being situated very close to the sea, Kochi has a moderate climate. The commercial capital of Kerala and the most cosmopolitan of Kerala’s cities, Cochin is a fascinating blend of cultures.

The early history of Cochin is shrouded in obscurity. Inscriptions and literary works give us the names of some of the early rulers of the illustrious dynasty whom once ruled Cochin. Unni Rama Koil I, was the ruler of Cochin when the Portuguese captain Cabral, landed in Cochin. Under him the trade facilities were granted to the Portuguese and a good relationship was established. Under Unni Rama Koil II, the friendship with the Portuguese was strengthened and Cochin rose to political prominence. Vira Kerala Varma, the next ruler, kept friendly relations with the Portuguese, but the plunder of the temple of Palluruthi imposed a heavy strain on their relations. It was during his reign that the war with the Vadakkumkur took place. It was to Vira Kerala Varma that the Portugese presented the palace newly built by them at Mattancherryin 1555 A.D. The dynasty that ruled Cochin was 'Perumpadappu Swarupam' because Cochin was that part of Kerala which came under the eldest son of Cheraman Perumal's sister by Perumpadappu Nambudiri.

Cochin was a powerful kingdom in the years immediately following the disintegration of the Kulasekhara empire. But, its power gradually weakened due to dissensions in the royal family and the frequent invasions of the Zamorin. Four or five centuries of rivalry between these two powers was an important factor in the politics of Kerala. Thus at the time of the arrival of the Portuguese in Kerala, Cochin presented the picture of a house divided against itself. It was also engaged in a bitter conflict with the powerful Zamorin of Calicut. Vira Kerala Varma was succeeded by Kesava Rama Varma, the most outstanding ruler of Cochin in the Portuguese period. It was a long and eventful reign. He patronised poets and pen of letters. It was during the reign of this ruler that the Jews settled in Cochin and built the Jew Town near the Raja's Palace. The reign saw a successful popular revolt against the Portuguese who had got the whole of the customs duties levied at Cochin assigned to them by the King through coercion. The famous Synod of Diaper (1599) was a notable event of this period. Kesava Rama Varma is believed to have died during his pilgrimage to Banares. The death being attributed due to natural cause.

Ravi Varma, Vira Kerala Varma I, Goda Varma, Vira Raja Varma and Vira Kerala Varma II had uneventful reigns. Vira Kerala Varma's immediate successor was Rama Varma, and on his death Rani Gangodhara Lakshmi was appointed as Regent. She was the only woman who exercised ruling powers in the long history of the Cochin royal house. Rama Varma an adoptee from Vettanad, ascended the throne at the end of the regency. This ruler was killed in the fight before the Mattancheri palace in 1662 A.D. Goda Varma, another adoptee from Vettatnad who came to the throne in 1662, was overthrown by the Dutch after the surrender of the Cochin fort in 1663 and Vira Kerala Varma of the Mutha Tavazhi was installed on the throne of Cochin.

During the reign of Vira Kerala Varma began the period of subordination of Cochin to the Dutch. In March 1663, the first treaty between the Raja of Cochin and the Dutch East India Company was concluded. The Cochin ruler placed himself and his kingdom under the protection of the Dutch. In February 1665 a treaty was signed between the Dutch Company and the members of the Cochin royal family and Paliath Achan restricting adoption to the Cochin family from the Mutha Tavazhi and Chazhur branches. In September 1674 A.D., there was a fresh treaty prescribing allowances for the Cochin prince and to bring the Kingdom under the effective control of the Dutch. Under an agreement on May 1678, the Paliath Achan as Prime Minister has to look after the affairs of the kingdom of Cochin under the guidance of the Dutch. The King was reduced to the status of an ornamental figure-head. The Vettatnad faction was defeated by the Dutch. This period saw a commercial treaty between the Zamorin and the Dutch. This was a period of intense disappointment to the rulers of Cochin.

Ravi Varma I, an adoptee from the Chazhur branch was the next ruler. He conveyed the Dutch his feeling of displeasure at the growing friendship with the Zamorin. In the reign of the next ruler, Rama Varma I, a treaty was concluded between the Dutch and Cochin under which the Raja was allowed a share of the customs duties. The war between Calicut and Cochin continued for nine years during the rule of Rama Varma. By the treaty of 1710, which terminated the war, some of the territories taken away from Cochin were given back to that State. But in 1715, the Zamorin renewed the military operations in the Cochin territory. The war was ended by the treaty of 1717 A. D for peaceful co-existence. Raja Rama Varma got back from the Zamorin all his ancestral territories except Perumpadappu and a few villages in Vanneri.

Ravi Varma II, the next ruler, was a weak ruler. The local nobles rose frequently in armed rebellion against his authority and the king had to spend much of his time in suppressing these rebellions. The Raja dismissed the Paliath Achan from the Prime Ministership of Cochin. With the approval of the Dutch the chief of Paliyam committed several acts of highhandedness and incurred the displeasure of the Raja and the Dutch Company. The estates of the chief lying outside Chennamangalam were confiscated. Meanwhile, the Paliyam Chief died and a new Achan succeeded to the post. The new chief apologised for the misdeeds of his predecessor and was reinstated to all the possessions and dignities of his ancestor.

Rama Varma II, the next Cochin King, was notoriously weak and oppressive. He came into clash with the Anchi Kaimals who were consequently given protection by the Dutch. The reign saw the rise in the power of the Paliath Achan and an increase in the extent of the estates owned by his family.

Madurai india

One of South India's great temple towns, Madurai is synonymous with the celebrated Meenakshi Temple. Situated on the banks of river Vaigai, Madurai has a rich cultural heritage passed on from the great Tamil era more than 2500 years old. Madurai was an important cultural and commercial centre even as early as 550 AD. It was the capital city for the great Pandya kings.
The Pandyan King Kulasekarar built a great temple and created a lotus shaped city around the temple. On the day the city was to be named, as Lord shiva blessed the land and its people, divine nectar (Madhu) was showered on the city from his matted locks. This city was henceforth known as Madhurapuri. Madurai is famous for Jasmine Flowers.
Madurai is one of the oldest cities of India, with a history dating all the way back to the Sangam period of the pre Christian era. The glory of Madurai returned in a diminished form in the earlier part of this millennium; it later on came under the rule of the Vijayanagar kingdom after its ransack by the ravaging armies of Delhi (Malik Kafur). During the 16th and 18th centuries, Madurai was ruled by the Nayak Emperors, the foremost of whom was Tirumalai Nayakar. The Sangam period poet Nakkeerar is associated with some of the Tiruvilayaadal episodes of Sundareswarar - that are enacted as a part of temple festival traditions even today.
The Sangam age or the Golden age of Tamil literature – produced masterpieces way back in the Pre christian era and in early 1st millennium . Madurai was the seat of the Tamil Sangam or Academy of learning. The entire city of Madurai, is built around the Meenakshi Sundareswarar Temple – the temple par excellence. Concentric rectangular streets surround the temple, symbolizing the structure of the cosmos.
As early as the 3rd century BC, Megasthanes visited Madurai. Later many people from Rome and Greece visited Madurai and established trade with the Pandya kings. Madurai flourished till 10th century AD when it was captured by Cholas the arch rivals of the Pandyas.
The Cholas ruled Madurai from 920 AD till the beginning of the 13th century. In 1223 AD Pandyas regained their kingdom and once again become prosperous. Pandian Kings patronised Tamil language in a great way. During their period, many master-pieces were created. "Silapathikaram", the great epic in Tamil was written based on the story of Kannagi who burnt Madurai as a result of the injustice caused to her husband Kovalan. In April 1311, Malik Kafur, the general of Alauddin Khilji who was then the ruler of Delhi, reached Madurai and raided and robbed the city for precious stones, jewels, and other rare treasures. This led to the subsequent raids by other Muslim Sultans. In 1323, the Pandya kingdom including Madurai became a province of the Delhi empire, under the Tughlaks.
The 1371, the Vijayanagar dynasty of Hampi captured Madurai and it became part of the Vijayanagar empire. Kings of this dynasty were in habit of leaving the captured land to governors called Nayaks. This was done for the efficient management of their empire. The Nayaks paid fixed amount annually to the Vijayanagar empire. After the death of Krishna Deva Raya (King of Vijayanagar empire) in 1530 AD, the Nayaks became independent and ruled the territories under their control. Among Nayaks, Thirumalai Nayak (1623-1659) was very popular, even now he is popular among people, since, it was he who contributed to the creation of many magnificent structures in and around Madurai. The Raja Gopuram of the Meenakshi Amman Temple, The Pudu Mandapam and The Thirumalai Nayakar's Palace are living monuments to his artistic fervor.
Madurai started slipping into the hands of the British's East India Company. In 1781, British appointed their representatives to look after Madurai. George Procter was the first collector of Madurai. Now after India's independence, Madurai is one of the major districts of Tamilnadu State. Later on Madurai district was bifurcated into two districts namely Madurai and Dindugul Districts. In Madurai District, there are 15 State Assembly constituencies and two parliament constituencies. The history of Madurai will not be complete without mentioning the name of RaniMangammal, the woman of great skill and sagacity. History does not provide many instances of ruling queens in Tamil Nadu. Though it was considered that women were not suited to succeed the throne of a kingdom, Rani Mangammmal, however shines in almost solitary eminence as an able and powerful ruler in Tamil Nadu. Madurai is famous for its temples.The Aappudaiyaar Koyil Tevara Stalam and the Koodalazhagar Divya Desam are the most important temples one should rarely miss to go. In the vicinity of Madurai is Tirupparamkunram, one of the 6 padai veedu shrines of Murugan (glorified in Madurai Sangam Nakeerar’s Tirumurugaatruppadai). Also in the vicinity of Madurai is Alagar Koyil, one of the prominent Divya Desam shrines of the Sri Vaishnavite faith.

coimbatore india

Coimbatore. Also known as Kovai, Coimbatore is the secondlargest city of TamilNadu and one of the fastest growing cities in India.Situated at the foot hills of Nilgiris, it is known for its pleasant climate,peaceful atmosphere, cosmopolitan outlook and private enterprise. Cottontextiles, electric motors, pumps, automobile spares, iron steel and aluminiumcastings form major exports from Coimbatore.
Originally Coimbatore district  formed part of the Kongu country, the history of which dates back to the Sangam age. It is found that in early days the area was inhabited by the tribes, the most predominant among them being the Kosars who are reported to have had their headquaeters at Kosampathur  which probably later became the present Coimbatore. However, tribal predominance did not last long as they were over-run by the Rashtra Kutas. From Rastrakutas the Region fell in to the hands of the cholas who were in prominence at the time of Raja Raja Chola. On the decline of Cholas the Kongun territory was occupied by the Chalukyas and then by the Pandyas and the cysalas. Due to internal strife in the Pandyas Kingdom the Muslim rulers from Delhi happened to interfere. Thus the area fell into the hands of Madurai Sultanate from whom the Vijayanagar rulers wrestled for the region during 1377-78 after overthrowing the Madurai Nayaks.During the period of Muthu Veerappa Nayak and later during the period of Tirumal Nayak internal strife and intermittent wars ruined the kingdom.
As a  consequence during the period of Tirumal Nayak,the Kongu region fell into the hands of the Mysore rulers from whom hyder Ali took over the area. However, consequents on the fall of Tippu Sultan of Mysore in 1799, the Kongu  region came to be ceded to the East India Company by the Maharaja of mysore who was restored to power by the East India Company after defeating Tippu Sultan. From then till 1947 when India attained Independence, the region remained under British control who initiated systematic revenue administration.
In 1840, the areas were merged into one  and brought under one District Collector. During the time, Mr.H.S. GREAME, [I/C] from 20/10/1803 to 20/01/1805 was the Collector. In 1868, the Nilgiris District was bifurcated from the Coimbatore District. At the opening of the present century there were ten taluks in the district viz., Bhavani, Coimbatore, Dharapuram, Erode, Karur, Kollegal, Palladam, Pollachi, Sathyamangalam and Udumalaipettai. The name of Sathyamangalam taluk was subsequently changed as Gopichettipalaiyam.
Avinashi taluk was formed in the year Karur taluk happened to be transferred to Tiruchirappalli district. In 1927, some villages of Bhavani taluk together with a few village from Salem district were constituted into Mettur Area but very soon i.e, in 1929, this area was transferred to Salem district. Again in the year 1956 considerable area of the district, viz., the whole of Kollegal taluk was transferred to Mysore State as part of the States Re-organisation Scheme. In 1975, Sathyamangalam sub-taluk was upgraded as a full fledged taluk. Again in 1979, Perundurai sub-taluk of Erode and Mettupalayam sub-taluk of Avanashi were also upgraded into independent taluks.
Thus the total number of taluks in the district came to twelve. This, however, did not last long. In the same year (1979) six taluks were bifurcated from the district to constitute a new district viz, Erode.

tirupur india




Tiruppur has gained universal recognition as the leading source of Hosiery, Knitted Garments, Casual Wear and Sportswear. Tiruppur is an important trade center of India. Tiruppur is a major source of Foreign Exchange for the country because of its exports. Tiruppur has gained universal recognition as the leading source of Hosiery, Knitted Garments, Casual Wear and Sportswear. The city accounts for 90 % of India's cotton knitwear export, worth an estimated US$ 1 bn. Tiruppur is basically a traditional centre for cotton ginning. Here you will find information about Tiruppur and its business activities.


 The development of Tiruppur, one has heard so much of knit wear boom in the press over the past few years. However, none of the explanations in the press have been able to explain why and how this little town in Tamil Nadu has come to be the centre of India's local banian and export cotton knitwear industry. The industry works through a web of small to mid-sized units, with fabrication here, processing elsewhere and stitching somewhere else. These networks of firms operate through jobworking, contracting and sourcing arrangements. The business families set up "sister concern" rather than large fully integrated factories. Despite of some of its difficulties, the business culture in Tiruppur is appreciating. The historical research on Tirupur leads us back to the "thottams" or well irrigated farms around the town, as most of the industrialists of today have come from modest agricultural backgrounds. Though countless interviews about their lives and work, it has been realised that it was these modest farmers who have innovated in the organisation of the industry. There are many ways in which these ex-farmers came to the industry, worked in knitware firms and got to know the production close at hand and entered as small owners, often in family partnerships. As the industry grew from the old interlock banians to fine banians with an all-India market in the 1970s, the first generation of ex-farmer industrialists created "sister" units, often managed by their relatives, expanding the industries in dispersed units throughout the city. The uniqueness of Tirupur's work culture has made it difficult for the big Indian textile giants to enter and capture a large market share, as the rules and norms governing manufacturing and jobworking are often informal and personalised.

SREE SUNSHINE HOSPITAL   tirupati


SUNSHINE HOSPITAL  tirupati


SUNSHINE HOSPITAL  

8099937397 , 8099937393  
Door No 18-1-50, KT Road, Tirupati - 517507, Beside Reliance Foot Prints

Rajdhani Stickers hyderabad


Rajdhani Stickers
Address: 4-2-723, Ramkoti, Oppganesh Temple, Ramkoti, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh 500029
Phone:040 6534 7629

Guruji Products Private Limited indore

shree guruji, is a leader in the thandai market boasts of a rich history achieved by sincere and honest work for over five decades.satisfying all the beverage needs, guruji offers an exclusive selection of matural fruit juices, fruit squash, hsarbats and soft drinks for all kinds of tastes with goodness and delightful flavors.

using hygienic production techniques, guruji has a seeds, cardamom, kewada, sandal, rose, lemon etc to bring you the goodness of nature in a bottle, guruji has a powerful brands like brahmatej, kayakalp, fruitful jam and pachak.
the person behind the huge project is mr. radheshyam sharma who has more than 30 year of experience in manufacturing mature base fruit base products or so called ayurvedic products that includes ayurvedic heath drink.



Guruji Products Private Limited
Mr. Chetan Sharma
No. 201, Shalimar Corporate Centre, No. 8 B, South Tukoganj
Indore - 452 001, Madhya Pradesh , India

Mobile+(91)-9981888688
  
Telephone+(91)-(731)-4046104
+(91)-(731)-4046106
+(91)-(731)-2515590

Anu Wines Banjara Hills hyderabad

Anu Wines

Opposite To MRO Office, Road No 2, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500034 |
9393302585
(040) 23545995

Mithra Academy, Himayat Naga hyderabad


Mithra Academy, Himayat Nagar

hone: 040 - 40128050
Mobile: 9949971402, 9849119489
Landmark: Near HDFC Bank
Address: No. 3-6-147AG, 2nd Floor  Himayat NagarHyderabad -500029

Center For Sight Super Speciality Eye Hospita hyderabad


Center For Sight Super Speciality Eye Hospital
Address: Ashoka Capitol, Road No 2, Banjara Hills, Park View Enclave, Jubilee Hills, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh 500034
Phone:040 4004 5500

7th may 2013 post

Thanks to Google maps again Cherla palli seen on maps;Address found;Morning did some work to prepare Mission satement for MWJF nice web sites and prepared nice content;Leter joined NRN he reached well in advance after a brief wait work got done;Called charla palli guy;Heat has torched again forced to take rest at same place;

Took the help of GTA to transfer cheque after a brief hick its got done so had quick settlements;later completed buying Fan and fixing it at second room it was long cherished dream;party time so gave ice cream treat to galli girls receprocation noted;

Discussion with Electrician and vijay cottage guy;Rx old man seems died huge crowd of ladies seen; Triple indulgence couldnt be stopped?

stats

Blog Archive

 
©2000 - 2011 vilekhari.com.All rights reserved. e-mail: vetuku@yahoo.com for enquiries.